Also Extensions Created Because of SQL Plan Directives Can Invalidate Packages

UPDATE 2015-12-18: As metioned by Bryn Llewellyn in this tweet, the invalidation I describe below is caused by bug 19450314. A patch for it is available here for several releases (e.g. it is available for, or, but not for I successfully tested it on The fact that an extension explicitly […]

Restrict the query optimizer through OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE and Top-Frequency/Hybrid Histograms

To make upgrades easier, I regularly see people considering disabling query optimizer features by setting the OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE initialization parameter to a non-default value. My general opinion about this “habit” is summarized in TOP with the following two sentences: Changing the default value of the OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE initialization parameter is only a short-term workaround. Sooner or later […]

Extension Bypassed Because of Missing Histogram

Today, while tuning a fairly complex query experiencing wrong cardinality estimates, I noticed something I was not aware of. Hence, I thought to write this short post to illustrate how to reproduce the problem I experienced… Create the test table (notice the correlation between the data of the two columns): SQL> CREATE TABLE t 2 […]

Challenges and Chances of the 11g Query Optimizer

Challenges and Chances of the 11g Query Optimizer is the name of a presentation I gave at several events (e.g. Trivadis Performance Days, Oracle OpenWorld, DOAG Konferenz, UKOUG Conference) throughout 2011. Its abstract is the following: With every new release, the query optimizer is enhanced. Oracle Database 11g Release 1 and Release 2 are no […]

Does CREATE INDEX Gather Global Statistics?

You can add the COMPUTE STATISTICS clause to the CREATE INDEX statement. It instructs the SQL statement to gather and store index statistics in the data dictionary, while creating the index. This is useful because the overhead associated with the gathering of statistics while executing this SQL statement is negligible. In Oracle9i, the gathering of […]


The patchset introduces in the package DBMS_STATS a new value for the parameter GRANULARITY. The description provided by the development team in $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/dbmsstat.sql is the following: ‘APPROX_GLOBAL AND PARTITION’ – This option is similar to ‘GLOBAL AND PARTITION’. But the global statistics are aggregated from partition level statistics. It will aggregate all statistics except […]