You can add the COMPUTE STATISTICS clause to the CREATE INDEX statement. It instructs the SQL statement to gather and store index statistics in the data dictionary, while creating the index. This is useful because the overhead associated with the gathering of statistics while executing this SQL statement is negligible. In Oracle9i, the gathering of statistics is performed only when this clause is specified. As of Oracle Database 10g, whenever statistics are not locked, their gathering is done by default, which means the COMPUTE STATISTICS clause is deprecated and available for backward compatibility only.
Unfortunately, CREATE INDEX does not gather global statistics. As a result, whenever you are creating partitioned indexes, the global statistics might be inaccurate. Let me show you an example:
- Create partitioned table, insert data (notice that the number of distinct values is equal to the number of rows) and create a local index
SQL> CREATE TABLE t (n1 number, n2 number) 2 PARTITION BY RANGE (n1) ( 3 PARTITION p1 VALUES LESS THAN (11), 4 PARTITION p2 VALUES LESS THAN (21) 5 ); Table created. SQL> INSERT INTO t 2 SELECT rownum, rownum 3 FROM dual 4 CONNECT BY level <= 20; 20 rows created. SQL> CREATE INDEX i ON t (n2) LOCAL; Index created.
- The CREATE INDEX statement gathered the statistics for the index; let’s check them…
SQL> SELECT partition_name, global_stats, distinct_keys 2 FROM user_ind_statistics 3 WHERE index_name = 'I'; PARTITION_NAME GLOBAL_STATS DISTINCT_KEYS -------------- ------------ ------------- NO 10 P1 NO 10 P2 NO 10
As you can see 1) the number of distinct keys at the global level is wrong; it should be 20! 2) the GLOBAL_STATS column at the index level is set to NO. As a result, when you create a partitioned index, you should manually gather the global index statistics straight after. In other words, you should do the following:
- Manually gather global level index statistics
SQL> execute dbms_stats.gather_index_stats(ownname=>user, indname=>'i', granularity=>'global') PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.
- Check whether the index statistics are accurate
SQL> SELECT partition_name, global_stats, distinct_keys 2 FROM user_ind_statistics 3 WHERE index_name = 'I'; PARTITION_NAME GLOBAL_STATS DISTINCT_KEYS -------------- ------------ ------------- YES 20 P1 NO 10 P2 NO 10
There are situations, however, where it is not necessary to manually gather the global index statistics. For example, when the index is prefixed. But, as a general rule, I would not rely on the automatically gathered statistics for partitioned indexes.